Ben Middleton is an Associate Professor of Sociology, Ferris University, Yokohama. He is currently visiting Bond University, Australia. His recent publications include: ‘Scandals of Imperialism: The Discourse on Boxer War Loot in the Japanese Public Sphere’ in Robert Bickers & Gary Tiedemann (eds.) The Boxers, China, and the World. (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007). He is a Japan Focus associate.