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The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus
In-depth critical analysis of the forces shaping the Asia-Pacific...and the world.

The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus

In-depth critical analysis of the forces shaping the Asia-Pacific . . . and the world. The Asia-Pacific Journal seeks to illuminate the  geopolitics, economics, history, society, culture, international relations and forces for change in the modern and contemporary Asia-Pacific.

The Asia-Pacific Journal: Japan Focus is a 501 (C) (3) non-profit organization recognized by the Internal Revenue Service. Contributions are tax deductible. This peer-reviewed, open source journal is a fully indexed resource. Its website contains more than 2,000 articles. What's Hot leverages the online, open source format to present concise interventions on breaking contemporary events that complement longer and more fully annotated articles. Course Readers make the best work of the journal accessible to teachers and students for classroom use. In addition to articles prepared for the journal, it offers translations from Japanese, Chinese, Korean and other languages.

Subscribers receive a free weekly newsletter published each Monday, normally linking to three to seven new articles. Readers on six continents access 100,000 to 150,000 articles each month. More than 12,000 people in 195 countries presently subscribe to APJ, approximately half through our Newsletter, while the other half follow us through Facebook or Twitter. All articles are  indexed by author, title and key word. Peer review process recognized by Ulrich's Global Serial Directory.

Subscribers to the Newsletter receive a weekly announcement with links to new articles. Facebook and Twitter subscribers receive immediate information about new articles as they are posted. Tax deductible contributions may be made on our home page via Paypal or by credit card.

To Contribute to the Journal
To contribute an article to The Asia-Pacific Journal contact


The coordinators chart the day to day operations of the journal, and, in consultation with the associates (contributing editors), shape its longterm editorial direction. The coordinators are

Andrew DeWit Rikkyo University, Tokyo,
Geoffrey Gunn Nagasaki University, Nagasaki,
Laura Hein Northwestern University, Chicago,
Gavan McCormack Australian National University, Canberra,

 David McNeill Sophia University, Tokyo,
R.Taggart Murphy Tsukuba University, Tokyo,

Matthew Penney Concordia University, Montreal,

Norimatsu Satoko, Peace Philosophy Center, Vancouver,

Mark Selden Cornell University, Ithaca,
Yuki Tanaka Hiroshima Peace Institute, Hiroshima,


The Asia-Pacific Journal is made possible by the contributions of associates on four continents who recommend material to publish and translate, review manuscripts, provide translations, and contribute their own writing. The associates are


Nobuko Adachi, Yonson Ahn, Matthew Allen, Andrea Arai, Cemil Aydin, Tim Beal, Herbert Bix, Vivian Blaxell, Heather Bowen-Struyk, John Breen, Mark Caprio, Zeljko Cipris, Bruce Cumings, John de Boer, John Dower, Aya Ezawa, John Feffer, Norma Field, Ruediger Frank, Sabine Fruhstuck, Aaron Gerow, Tom Gill, Andrew Gordon, Nanyan Guo, Kimie Hara, Peter Hayes, Julie Higashi, Linda Hoaglund, Asato Ikeda, Jean Inglis, Sheila Miyoshi Jager, Rebecca Jennison, Paul Jobin, David Johnson, Eric Johnston, John Junkerman, Cary Karacas, Jeff Kingston, Victor Koschmann, Heonik Kwon, Adam Lebowitz, Douglas Lummis, Richard Minear, Jon Mitchell, Mark Morris, Tessa Morris-Suzuki, Chris Nelson, Yoshiko Nozaki, James Orr, Emanuel Pastreich, Michael Penn, Roger Pulvers, Miguel Quintana, Steve Rabson, Lawrence Repeta, Sonia Ryang, Sven Saaler, Rumi Sakamoto, Peter Dale Scott, Philip Seaton, Ae-Gyung Shim, Aaron Skabelund, David Slater, Gregory Smits, David Adam Stott, Jae-Jung Suh, Akiko Takenaka, Mariko Tamanoi, Miyume Tanji, Richard Tanter, William Underwood, Andre Vltchek, Vanessa Ward, Brian Yecies.



Website Manager

Clarissa Herman


Reischauer Institute Editorial Fellow


Andrea Murray

Graduate Intern, Facebook/Twitter Site Manager

Yayoi Koizumi



Sustainers enable the Journal to publish, improve the quality of the website and circulate our weekly Newsletter. For more information about financially supporting the journal, see Sustaining APJ at the home page.  

Comment on articles

Readers are invited to comment and discuss all articles at the site. To comment, go to the end of the article. This is a moderated list that welcomes discussion but eliminates flames. We ask those who wish to comment to give their full real name.

Recommended citation

All articles since 2009 contain a recommended citation at the end of the article in the following form: 


Recommended citation: Author, "Title," The Asia-Pacific Journal, Vol 11, Issue 51 No 2, December 23, 2013 where Vol 11 refers to 2012, issue 51 to the 51st issue of the year and No 2 to the second article. For earlier articles, the recommended citation consists of author, title and date of publication.


Directory of Open Access Journals, Asia-Studies Research, Ebsco Host Political Science.


Search engine


The Asia-Pacific Journal has a powerful search engine at the top left of the home page. The top box allows you to search by author, the second box by title. Entering an author's surname or given name brings up all articles by the author. Entering a term such as China, Japan, Korea, or war, peace, or immigration, or a phrase like Battle of Okinawa or atomic bomb in the second box will bring up all articles whose title includes that word or phrase. To search within articles, click on keyword search and enter the word or phrase you are searching for such as atomic bomb, Korean War, mass suicide or worker rights. (do not put the word or phrase in "quotes".) This brings up a list of all articles which include the word or phrase. If you open any article on the list and do a search for the word or phrase, when you scroll down the item will be highlighted. Close the article to go to another article by clicking on the arrow at the top of the screen. You will be told "To display this page, Firefox must send information . . . etc." (Other browsers may use a different method.) Hit resend and you will return to the list of articles and you can continue to search. You can also use the Advanced Search function to search beyond our site using Google. For best results, use Firefox or Safari search engines. We welcome questions about the search engine and suggestions for improvement of our system.



The Asia-Pacific Journal is the recipient of The Ryukyu Shimpo's first Ikemiyagi Syuui Prize. The award recognizes that "Japan Focus has made an outstanding worldwide contribution to proposing solutions to problems confronting Okinawa."



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Articles at The Asia-Pacific Journal are published under a Creative Commons license. Permission is granted to forward electronically to others and to post Asia-Pacific Journal texts for non-commercial purposes following Open Source guidelines, provided they  are reproduced intact and the source indicated and linked. To publish Asia-Pacific Journal texts in electronic, printed and/or other forms, including course use, contact

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